What is Rangoli?
Rangoli is essentially a form of folk art in which women make decorative designs on the floors of rooms or courtyards in Hindu households during festivals, marriage celebrations, and other special occasions. The purpose of rangoli is to represent deities and to purify a particular area of the house to make it sacred in welcoming the gods. Doing this is supposed to bring good luck, well-being, and prosperity into the household.
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Rangoli Patterns –
The word rangoli is derived from two Sanskrit words – a range which means color, and avail which means rows. So, rang and avail combines to become range avail, which means color rows or color creepers. In colloquial pronunciation, the word ended up as Rangoli. In keeping with its name, this art is a riot of colors. While simple ones are made with white powder, special ones made on special occasions such as festivals are filled with colors. You can make a whole lot of designs with different materials used in this art.
Rangoli is done on the floor although you can use chalk and paint to decorate your walls with these ethnic designs. A home done in such a manner looks very Indian and ethnic. Typically, this art form is practiced at the threshold of home as a way of welcoming guests with colors and warm. The symmetrical patterns which extremely eye catchy lift moods immediately and spread happiness at home. Traditionally, rice flour is used for rangoli. This has a scientific reason behind it. Firstly, it is a way of welcoming birds, ants, and other small creatures to feast on rice and establish universal co-existence. Secondly, since these little creatures get their fill outside the door, they do not venture inside, thereby keeping the home free of these tiny creatures. According to mythology, Goddess Lakshmi, who is the deity of wealth and prosperity, is pleased with houses which have beautiful rangolis and she pays them a visit more frequently. So, the household is happier and prosperous.
The patterns in this art form are inspired by nature and tradition. While patterns of flowers, leaves, animals and birds are inspired from nature, man-made things such as pots, Kalash, and lamps are taken from human rituals. These patterns also have pictures of gods and goddesses. Another unique type of rangoli pattern is where a single line course through a grid of dots, completes a whole circle and finishes at the ending point. These patterns are the most complex and difficult. You really need to concentrate if you want to make these designs. In the south, these snaking patterns are made over huge areas covering entire courtyards and verandas.
Every state in India has its own way of making this wondrous art. In Andhra Pradesh, rangoli is a special feature during Sankranthi festival. On the third day of this three-day festival, huge chariots are drawn in front of homes with lines snaking through dots. The complicated pattern is really enchanting to watch. In fact, the process of making the rangoli is as interesting as the finished picture. People in Kerala make beautiful flower designs at their doorsteps for Onam festival. Besides special occasions, rangoli is made every day as a mark of Indian culture.
Rangoli art –
The art of Rangoli is an intrinsic part of Indian culture. While wall paintings and decorations are common amongst certain African and South American natives, decorating the floor with patterns is a cultural practice that is followed almost exclusively in India.
About rangoli designs –
Rangoli outlines are made in every one of the conditions of the India and are known by the distinctive names in various states
An essential part of Rangoli is Utswdhermita. For this, critical images are picked and these images are made as they are made by the last eras. Expectedly, every new era takes in the craftsmanship from their progenitors and consequently, a family keeps the custom vital and alive. Numerous images are made with Rangoli and a few images which are utilized regularly in Rangoli are the lotus blossom (likewise its leaves), angle, mango, true vase, and the states of the feathered creatures and creatures: I.e. parrot, swan, peacock, tiger or of some different creatures, and furthermore of people.
Once in a while, Rangoli are made on unique occasion like Diwali and marriage and after that different example are taken after. Some unmistakable images utilized for Diwali Rangoli are the blossoms, Ganesh, Lakshmi; the Diya additionally named as “Profound” or winged animals of India. The material utilized is likewise contrasted in various states as these outlines are made of rice, hued sand, blossom petals, turmeric, vermilion, synthetic colors(a cutting edge variety), red black powder and even blooms if there should be an occurrence of blossom rangoli.
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History of Rangoli
This beautiful art can be traced back to the legendary ancient Sanskrit epic called Ramayana, where Sita’s matrimonial pavilion was decorated with a Rangoli. There is ancient symbolism that has been passed through the generations, which is depicted through this traditional art.
Shapes, Patterns & Colors
There are modern and traditional rangoli designs. The can come from nature or abstract art. The ancient symbols and motifs have been passed down from one generation to the next, ensuring the designs and the tradition doesn’t disappear from Indian culture.
Colored sand, flower petals, and dyed rice are the most common materials used in making geometric designs. These patterns and the style of executing them may vary from region to region as they reflect traditions, folklore, and practices that are unique to each area. Rangoli designs come in geometric shapes, images of deities, or shaped like the flowers appropriate for the given celebrations, but they can also be very intricate designs that require more than two or three people to make.
The materials used for Rangoli are wet and dry rice and flower. Natural colors like turmeric, vermilion and others are added to make the designs more colorful and attractive.
Rangoli created with icons, such as the swastika, lotus flower. In a Gujarati matrimony, it is mandatory to have variations of the lotus motif in the rangoli when the newly-married bride is entering her home for the first time. The logic behind this belief that the bride is a form of Lakshmi and will bring prosperity to the household and the lotus is Lakshmi’s favorite flower.
Rangoli Throughout India
Many homes, particularly in Southern India today craft rangoli daily, and not just as part of matrimonial ceremonies. The art has become an inseparable part of festivities and celebrations. Rangoli is essentially a symbol of the human spirit and a manifestation of how joy and happiness are expressed with gratitude.
The art of rangoli is referred to by different names in different provinces of India. For instance, it different places across India, it goes by the names of Chowk Puja, Mandan, Arian, Mugg, and Saathiyo.
There are many variations on these rangolis. In Maharashtra, rangolis are drawn doors of houses so evil spirits can’t come in. During the Onam festival in Kerala, one flower is added to the Rangoli design for each of the ten days. Similarly, on a typical Kerala matrimonial site or venue, elaborate rangolis are done, sometimes with fresh flowers. In Tamil Nadu, the designs are usually geometric and symmetrical shapes but the materials used are similar to rangoli made in north India – rice flour in powder or paste form is used. During a Kannada via ah, typical motifs used are elaborate geometrical flowers encircling the feet of the goddess Lakshmi.
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Here is the list of themes based Rangoli designs for competitions
Bloom Theme: In this topic for the most part Lotus, Lilly or Rose are utilized to make Rangoli design. It must be made by utilizing the blend of splendid and light hues to give the regular impact.
Peacock Theme: This topic is extremely basic in Rangoli rivalries. Utilization of shading shades for plumes will give the Rangoli outline more imaginative impression.
Picture Theme: For this sort of Rangoli workmanship, any representation of renowned identity can be made.
Picturesque Theme: Choose any regular scene to draw with hues on the floor and add the common view to Rangoli pictures.
Kids Theme: Any children’s cartoonish character or a scene from dreamland can be chosen for this sort of Rangoli plan.
Message Theme: Any social message can be given by drawing the Rangoli plan in rivalries.
Custom Theme: In this topic, outlines identified with Lord Ganesh, Ganpati, Vitthal, Shiva and so forth can be utilized. The plan must be included dynamic hues. It can be the best decision to attract rivalries amid Holi, Diwali, Dussehra, New Year.
This article conveys every one of the viewpoints identified with the specialty of Rangoli in India. The hugeness of Rangoli as for various viewpoints will help you to comprehend its significance on various occasions. It can be plainly presumed that a Diwali occasion of Indians is fragmented without drawing the Rangoli. Theme based Rangoli is likewise developing to put the enthusiasm of adolescents in this old convention. Rundown of topics for Rangoli will help you to choose any topic in the event that you are sorting out or take part in any sort of Rangoli outlines rivalry.
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